lumense_N-FebyDi masa lalu Tari Lumense dilakukan dalam ritual pe-olia, yaitu ritual penyembahan kepada roh halus yang disebut kowonuano (penguasa/pemilik negeri) dengan menyajikan aneka jenis makanan. Ritual ini dimaksudakan agar kowonuano berkenan mengusir segala macam bencana. Penutup dari ritual tersebut adalah penebasan pohon pisang. Tarian ini juga sering ditampilkan pada masa kekuasaan Kesultanan Buton. Seiring dengan perkembangan, fungsi tari Lumense pun mulai bergeser. Ada pendapat yang mengatakan bahwa tari Lumense bercerita tentang kondisi sosial masyarakat Kabaena saat ini. Corak produksi masyarakat Kabaena adalah bercocok tanam atau bertani, masyarakat masih melakukan pola tradisional yaitu membuka hutan untuk dijadikan lahan pertanian. Sementara parang yang dibawa oleh para pria menggambarkan para pria yang berprofesi sebagai petani. Simbol pohon pisang dalam tarian ini bermakna bencana yang bisa dicegah. Oleh karena itu klimaks dari tarian ini adalah menebang pohon pisang. Artinya, setelah pohon pisang tumbang bencana bisa dicegah.Kekinian tari Lumense sudah tidak lagi menjadi ritual pengusiran roh. Akan tetapi, tari Lumense masih dianggap memiliki nilai spiritual. Masyarakat setempat menganggap tari lumense adalah tari “ penyembuhan”.

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Tari Lumense memiliki arti yang diambil dari bahasa daerah setempat yakni kata lume yang berarti terbang dan mense yang berarti tinggi, jadi secara menyeluruh, nama tarian ini berarti terbang tinggi. Lumense artinya terbang mengamuk. Penamaan tari ini berasal dari Kabaena Kabupaten Buton. Mereka menamakan lumense karena gerakan penarinya laksana seorang yang sedang mengamuk dengan pedang ditangannya. (Ensiklopedi Tari dan Musik di Sultra, 1977/1978)

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Tari Lumense atau Tarian Lumense adalah tarian yang berasal dari Tokotu’a, Kabupaten Bombana, Sulawesi Tenggara. Kata lumense sendiri berasal dari bahasa daerah setempat yakni lume yang berarti terbang dan mense yang berarti tinggi. Jadi, lumense bisa diartikan terbang tinggi. Tari lumense sendiri berasal dari kecamatan Kabaena. Suku Moronene merupakan penduduk asli dari wilayah ini. Nenek moyang suku ini adalah bangsa melayu tua yang dating dari hindia belakang pada zaman pra sejarah. Secara geografis, kecamatan kabaena merupakan pulau terbesar setelah Moronenedan Muna di Sulawesi tenggara. Menurut sejarah, dahulu kecamatan kabaena berada di bawah kekuasaan kerajaan Moronenesehingga hubungan kekerabatan antara Kabaena dan Moronenepun sangat erat. Hal ini juga mempengaruhi perkembangan kebudayaan di wilayah Kabaena termasuk tari Lumense.

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Tari lumense telah berkembang sejak 200 tahun yang lalu. Tari ini pernah lenyap disekitar tahun 1946 sampai dengan tahun 1960 kemudian timbul kembali pada tahun 1962. Pada tahun 1973 tari Lumense mulai berkembang dikalangan masyarakat. Sampai sekarang terian tersebut tetap dipertahankan sebagai tarian tradisional di daerah Buton. Pada zaman dahulu yaitu pada saat mula lahirnya tarian ini sampai pada masa sebelum proklamasi kemerdekaan bangsa kita, tari Lumense digolongkan pada masa sebelum proklamasi kemerdekaan bangsa kita, tari Lumense gigolongkan pada tarian upacara kerohanian, karena dilakukan untuk menyembuhkan penyakit.. pada saat sekarang ini yakni sesudah proklamasi, kedudukan tari tersebut bukan saja sebagai tarian upacara melainkan juga dipertunjukkan sebagai tari petunjukkan.

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Penari-penarinya terdiri dari 5 orang pria dan 5 orang wanita yang usianya sekitar 20 tahun atau lebih tua. Tari ini diiringi dengaan instrument music gendang, gong besar (Mbololo) dan gong kecil (Ndengu-Ndengu). Ketiga instrument musik ini dimainkan serentak oleh tiga orang pemain musik. Biasanya tari Lumense ini dilakukan diarena atau panggung terbuka, sehingga perlengkapan pertunjukkan tari tersebut hanya terdiri dari parang dan batang pisang saja. Pakaian penarinya terdiri dari pakaian adat. Penari pria memakai baju berwarna hitam, kain sarung dan topi bambu khas daerah Moronene. Penari wanita memakai baju panjang berjumbai seperti ekor burung, kain sarung, kepala diikat dengan hiasan berumbai dan ikat pinggang.

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Musik pengiring tari ini berasal dari alat musik gendang dan gong besar yang disebut tawa-tawa dan gong kecil (ndengu-ndengu). Pengiring musik berjumlah tiga orang penabuh alat musik tersebut sementara dalam memainkan tarian ini dibutuhkan beberapa anakan pohon pisang sebagai property pendukung. Dahulu tari ini dipertunjukkan pada waktu siang, akan tetapi sekarang ini, biasa juga dipertunjukkan pada waktu malam. Lama pertunjukkan diperkirakan memakan waktu lebih kurang 10 sampai 15 menit.

Dokumentasi Photo: Angelina Rainy – N Feby – Van Day Tonga Lere
Dokumentasi Data: kemdikbud.go.id

 

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74 Responses to “Eksistensi Tarian Lumense”

  • Milka:

    Yeah Lumense dancing! Traditional dance of Indonesia reflect the rich diversity of Indonesian people. The dance traditions in Indonesia; such as Balinese, Javanese, Sundanese, Minangkabau, Palembang, Malay, Aceh and many other dances traditions are age old traditions, yet also a living and dynamic traditions. Certain traditional dances might be centuries old, while some others might just created less than a decade ago. The creation of a new dance choreography but still within the frame of respected dance tradition and discipline is still possible. As the result, there is some kreasi baru (newly created) dances. The newly created dance could be the rediscovery and the revival of lost old traditions or a new interpretation, inspiration and exploration of traditional dances.

  • Valerie:

    Lumense, Great!

    Creative groups from all over the capital city will come together to build a place to see, experience and purchase incredible art all festival weekend—all under one big lofted tent.

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      @valerie

      Even as the new religion of Islam gradually penetrated the region, the native and dharmic dances continued to be popular. Artists and performers would still use the styles of the previous eras, making changes in stories (which took an Islamic turn) and clothing (which became more modest in respect of Islamic teachings). This change is obvious in Tari Persembahan from Jambi. The dancers are still adorned with the intricate gold of the Hindu/Buddhist era but the clothing is more modest.

      The new era brought newer styles of dance: Zapin dances of the Malay people and Acehnese Tari Saman adopted dance styles and musics typical of Arabia and Persia, and combined them with indigenous styles to form a newer generation of dance in the era of Islam. The adoption of Persian and Arab musical instruments, such as rebana, tambur, and gendang drums that has become the main instrument in Islamic dances, as well as chant that often quotes Islamic chants.

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